Something About Steel Products: The deformed bar and H-Beam

As an alloy of iron and carbon, steel is one of the important industrial materials for the global economy because of its typical value for building masonry structures. Commonly, steels are widely used in constructions by shaping the basis of architectures and some tools for daily needs. Steel is a general kind that contains lots of categories, such as steel channels, steel pipes, and steel sheets. The deformed bar and H-Beam are two key steel products that are regularly seen and extensively applied in society. So, what exactly are these steel products and how do they benefit construction industry?

Deformed vs. Untorsional 

As a matter of fact, deformed bar can be regarded as a crucial type of concrete rebar in the industry as the durability and versatility make it more indispensable for the industry. One of the features of this steel bar is that the product can change its form when forced, which can reinforce the building. Generally, deformed bar is a typical steel-based material to reinforce concrete of large projects as the compressive strength of concrete blinds its disadvantages which are easily sheared and constructors need to be aware of this.

H-Beam is another building material in architecture. Its name was given as its cross-section shape looks like a capital “H” . Compared to the deformed bar, it is hardly impossible for an H-beam to be twisted. According to the toughness, H-beam is considered as a product applied in building construction that needs load-bearing.

Economical Idea vs Efficient-shape

Lighter than I-beam, H-beam is also economical steel for customers. In business, budget is always the priority consideration for buyers, therefore H-beam is ideal for those who want to purchase cost-effective products. H-beam has a deep groove and equal thickness, different from I-beam, H-beam can save the space of storage when its distributing section is believed to optimize so that the economical effect is clear.

Normally, spiral shape, herringbone shape, and crescent shape are three shapes for deformed bars. In different reinforcing conditions, every three of shapes can choose to play their roles. In other words, deformed bars are effective in dealing with different building problems.

Above all, both the deformed bar and H-beam are pivotal materials for the modern construction and have further influences on the industrial age.


After the basic introduction of two different steel materials, the quality of these two products may become the primary concern for customers. Due to the critical of building work, each of the products needs to be guaranteed in quality, in accordance with that, a reliable supplier and a professional manufacturer is absolutely needed. FenZhan is such a manufacturer dedicated to providing customers with fantastic trade and outstanding steel supplies. As the saying goes, real gold is not afraid of fire. Setting up the steel trade since 1993, FenZhan has become an experienced manufacturer and with its branch established in 2008, it proves that Fenzhan is determined to be a qualified supplier in the future business.



The Best Way To Produce Natural Hair Beauty Product

Having beautiful hair, fertile, soft when combed, and of course healthy is the desire of all men and women. This can indeed be obtained from using shampoo products on the market, but you must have more efforts so that hair health can reach its maximum point. Many people turn to hair care products that use natural ingredients now; natural products do not have a negative effect and will provide long-term hair fertility. The more consumers use natural products is a business opportunity for beauty entrepreneurs, the more entrepreneurs are also competing to produce natural hair care products. But most entrepreneurs find it difficult to get natural ingredients. Well, what about their ideas? Did the brilliant idea of creating natural hair care products just disappear?

Someone with an innovative idea in the hair care product industry can easily realize his business idea today. Through private label hair care product manufacturers, all the business plans will run smoothly, no problem if you don’t have the resources to produce them. Private label hair care product manufacturers are a cosmetics contract manufacturing that will help customers to improve the quality of product design, they also help clients produce high quality products at low prices and use natural ingredients. Not only hair care products, you can bring all the cosmetic business ideas and the team will realize the business plan. In essence, cosmetics contract manufacturing becomes a department store that works flexibly according to your brand’s unique needs ranging from graphic design, packaging, printing, and distribution.

Manufacturers of private label hair care products usually provide many representatives to assist customers in the fields of engineering, finance, marketing, distribution, and program management. Customers often choose cosmetic products from the company and then sell them with their brand names. This is a profitable and effective business strategy. In addition, product quality is maintained and the production process is carried out by experts in cosmetics and beauty care.

Professional private label hair care product manufacturers usually offer various types of products with natural ingredients such as bath and body products including shower gel, facial cleansers and lotions. Beauty products are widely used such as moisturizers, bath gels, whipped body creams, liquid soaps, masks, toners, etc.

The making of cosmetics is usually based on the quality of products that are processed with leading edge technology. Clients do not need to think about how the product is made, they only need to provide a complete description of the type of product, the desired natural ingredients, packaging design, and brand name. The owner of a hair care product company will get many benefits in the process of their product lines, especially for products with limited natural ingredients.

Creating high quality beauty products especially hair care products that are able to represent the passions of consumers are the desire of many entrepreneurs. Moreover, the product is made from natural ingredients. One obstacle in producing beauty products with natural ingredients is limited raw materials; but your idea to create a product will not be lost in vain, the product diversification will run smoothly and perfectly with the help of private label hair care product manufacturers.

Choosing an Oil & Gas Specialist

Oil and gas prices are determined by the value of an asset, which will need the right documentation. Reports will have to be made for internal and external use including for governments, tax offices and lenders. When looking for support, professional discretion is an absolute given, especially when it comes to oil and gas prices. Make sure that you seek oil and gas companies that have experience, quality and an efficient service.

Oil and Gas Field Development support is an interesting field, and it can be a real boon when helping you understand your assets in a far greater capacity. From the discovery of a deposit to the first exploration and production activity, the entire life-cycle of a project is open spread over decades- and require large capital investment, making Oil & Gas Field Development support vital when it comes to truly understanding and utilising a project that will take years to finish.

A specialist in this field may help with a number of questions within the discovery, evaluation, development, production and abandonment phases, and their support is typically expected throughout the entire process. Field Development itself can be quite a broad term, as of course each and every asset is different. Static modelling, reservoir simulation, and commercial valuation are very welcome sources of help within many phases as well.

Oil and Gas Field Development Support comes in many forms, and during the initial exploration evaluation, your support team will take on a variety of tasks including subsurface evaluation – the act of identifying prospective resources to make a decision to start drilling. Appraisal Evaluation is the evaluation of seismic, well and test data in order to decide whether it is economically viable to drill more wells, develop existing ones, or abandon a site.

Within Field Development, your specialist will be able to generate field development plans with maximum hydrocarbon recovery and commerciality, as well as developing your asset and quantifying reserves. Within operations support, they will identify ongoing activity to drill infill and extension wells and adapt your operations to production response.

In addition, static models can be created and further refined with all available subsurface data in order to study uncertainty in subsurface data. FDPs will be prepared for Government submission from your data.

But how do you choose a specialist? Look for field development support based upon their abilities to reconcile all available subsurface, wellbore and gathering systems information.

Furthermore, if your specialist can offer you multiple facets of help, from full field development planning (which includes static modelling, reservoir simulation and commercial evaluation) to well test analysis and rate transient analysis to better understand well performance for facilities design, to reservoir attribute mapping, depth conversion and other geology studies to better understand the uncertainty in hydrocarbon in place sizes.

All the technical skill in the world means nothing when you don’t have any indication of what projects your development support have already completed. Look for a company which have proven experience within multiple projects.


Ion Getter Pumps: The Technology behind Them

Ion pumps were originally used before the invention and wider distribution of turbo molecular pumps – used in most vacuum applications which require high vacuum pressures of 10-6 mbar.

Due to turbo molecular pumps becoming more widely used, Ion Getter Pump have gotten a bit of an upgrade in order to remain in contention, now reaching pressures of 10-9 mbar. Thanks to this welcome competition, Ion Getter Pumps are now widely acknowledged within the surface science community as being the cleanest and the most efficient way to achieve UHV.

How do Ion Getter Pumps work?

It is a well-known fact that an Ion Getter Pump is something that does not have moving parts; but it captures and holds gas molecules by converting them into solid compounds – these formed compounds are then bound in the Ion Getter Pump, which allows the pump to hold a vacuum even when it is not operational. Ion Getter Pumps work with absolutely no vibration and are shock-free; there is an added benefit that they require minimal maintenance.

Assembling an Ion Getter Pump

An Ion Getter Pump comprises of one or more elements (each consisting of two respective cathode plates and an anode) for pumping. These are both the corresponding external permanent magnets, as well as the housing itself.

The elements of an Ion Getter Pump are intrinsic to the pumping process – the anodes within them are made up of varying metal cylinders that have been welded together in a honeycomb style design. At the centre of each metal cylinder is a penning cell; in simple terms, the more cells an anode has, the higher the pumping speed of the element itself. They can be found between the two cathodes, and separated from them by a gap, this is what the gas travels through. Electronically speaking, they are insulated via ceramic insulators; the anode and the corresponding cathodes are then connected tightly and then insulated.

The housing then covers the elements, which creates a small vacuum chamber which contains pockets to hold the pumping elements.

Working with Titanium Sublimation Pumps

These two pumps types should not be confused or interchanged; a Titanium Sublimation Pump is a useful addition to an Ion Getter Pump. Titanium Sublimation Pumps lean towards having a high speed for pumping some gases, though the speed is reliant on the type of gas. The pump works by heating filaments of titanium alloy, until the titanium sublimates from the surface of this filament into the vacuum which has been created.

The titanium this precipitates onto the surrounding surfaces within the vacuum, and forms a thin layer over it. This layer has a very high pumping speed when it is combined with a reactive gas, and it can be boosted further by cooling the surfaces by introducing either water or liquid nitrogen, depending on the material. Titanium sublimation pumps are very strongly recommended for gases such as H2O, CO, CO2 and O2; whereas nitrogen is a recommended coolant for the pumping of H2 and N2.


How To Increase Your Team’s Efficiency in Depth Conversion

It’s a very well-known fact that Depth Conversion data, as well as most data attributed to seismic analysis is acquired within time. Depth Conversion is determined by the time in which it takes for sound to travel from a source, to reflectors, bounced back, and then picked up by receivers across the ground. Depth Conversion is an excellent way of measuring just how low you need to drill to be able to obtain something. However, telling an operator to dig a well of a certain timescale isn’t practical and can even be impossible because of variations within different rocks velocity that can distort the depth, size, and shape of potential reservoirs in a dramatic fashion.

This is where Depth Conversion comes into play. Conversion from time to depth is utterly imperative within every project, and there’s a lot of things which can go wrong along the way which leads to incorrect workflow, mistakes made, money wasted, and of course operator’s lives put at risk.

How are your team using Petrel and IHS Kingdom? While both stable and sturdy programs, they benefit immensely from Equipoise Software’s Velit Plugin (Branded VelPak for IHS Kingdom software) for added functionality, improved workflows, and a much better way of getting the very most from your data with a reduced margin of error that comes with a superior workflow. Velit isn’t a difficult program to use, not by any means, but for those of your team which struggle, you’ll be pleased to know that it’s creators, Equipoise Software, offer training courses within Velit and sister product, Inseis.

So, what exactly is Velit?

Velit is a program that provides depth conversion and velocity modelling. For Depth Conversion and Velocity Modelling, Velit is industry standard and is truly going from strength to strength and rising even further from its competition. To say it’s head and shoulders above is no exaggeration, and Velit has a variety of tools to make even the most complicated array of data be transformed into a real, working and best case model without any frustration or over complication- with Velit bearing the strain, rather than you.

Creation of wells from seismic velocities

Velit stands apart from its competition by its ability to create “pseudo” wells which can be created from user definable locations in a manual manner, or even automatically via amalgamation of harnessed process velocity data which is then compared to existing well log data.

With Velit, you can see where the velocities are showing—either whether they exist within trends or whether or not they don’t. Conditioning and overlaying your process velocity data with well data is a tried and tested proven way to reveal trends, and with Velit, it really couldn’t be easier. The industry agrees—over the years increasing reliance has been placed upon processing velocity to provide depth solutions as well as imaging solutions.

Within this line of work, it’s often considered that one must keep up with technology as it advances, and to not do so is remiss. Geology, Geoscience and Geophysics are constantly changing, and Velit is a very good way for all of your team to stay up to date and harness innovation in order to produce excellent results.

Whether your team has new members, or even men and women who would like to adapt their existing education within the field to the large strides which have been made in seismic processing, Equipoise Software have a course or two that fits to the needs of your team. We wholeheartedly recommend giving them a try – as after all, it is our responsibility to keep our knowledge relevant, strong, and up to date with whichever methods and improvements are devised throughout our careers.

Medical Device Design Control Stages – Little Complexity You Need To Know

The design process of various medical devices by engineers began after determining the concept of a new medical device. Medical devices are very important tools in the medical world; all medical institutions need it to improve various medicals analyzes. Therefore, in its development there is a need for strict Medical Device Design Control. If a slight error is found, the medical device will be rejected by the regulatory body because it is feared to cause errors in medical analysis.

One of the most important things in making medical devices is Control of Medical Device Design. Every medical equipment manufacture will pass this stage; this stage aims to guarantee quality during the design process. The Medical Device Design Control Phase includes simple and logical steps that are assessed by a series of procedures and practices that are interrelated during the design phase. The essence of this stage is controlling the quality of the device during the manufacturing process. Through this stage, there will be many benefits obtained by the company, they are companies that will achieve high-quality products from the beginning to the end of production, the products produced will be in accordance with consumer needs, build a consistent design process, etc.

In detail, to start medical product design, business people must follow several important processes. Here are some things to know:

The initial stage in designing medical devices is the planning stage. Every good and controlled plan will surely produce a reliable product. Developing a plan for making medical devices is certainly not easy, right? Every plan made always involves an expert’s responsibility for each detailed activity so that the product can be verified and validated perfectly with zero errors.

The next step is design input. What is design input? The characteristic of input design is using various theories, regulations, and applicable standards. Various things included in input design such as the use of regulatory requirements and business economy, safety standards and risk management as a basis for designing products, etc. Design input can also be taken from observations of existing problems from various sources such as doctors, nurses, patients, health experts, etc. After all information and theories are collected, reviewed, analyzed, and concluded, the specific device can be determined.

Well, referring to the design input, the next step is to do the output design. The design output is in the form of critical steps to be taken by experts in realizing data in the design input. Some of the things included in the output design are product form, product risk analysis, technical products, product specifications, user manuals produced by the development team, etc.

Before medical devices are produced in large quantities, they must be reviewed by a team of experts. It aims to detect any differences, and inconsistencies in a device, identify problems before entering the design stage, and facilitate the repair process without additional costs. The expert team will provide a review of the design of medical devices such as failure modes and effect analysis before the next process is carried out.

Next is the verification stage. This stage aims to find out the relationship between all stages of design through objective proof of examination. What is done at this stage? All experts involved in this stage do a number of things such as affirming whether the design output has fulfilled the design input, whether the planning stage has been carried out according to the procedure, carrying out risk management analysis, verifying software, etc.

Well, some of my explanations above are a bit of the complexity of the stages in medical device design control. In essence, controlling in creating medical devices must be carried out in detail and strictly. Not allowed to have the slightest error during the design process. For more detailed information about medical device design control, you can access several company websites that produce world-class medical devices. Or narrow you’re searching by clicking Medical Device Design Control.